Synonymous & Inseparable…

“Leadership and morale are not synonymous; yet they are … inseparable …” Edward Munson (1868 to 1947), Leadership For American Army Leaders, writing in The Infantry Journal in 1942. Brigadier General Edward Lyman Munson was a senior officer of the US Army Medical Corps; He accepted a commission with the US Navy but turned it down a few months later, to join the Army. He served in several conflicts, was an… Read More

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Foster Attitude & Morale…

“Major General James Utino once said that morale exists when ‘a soldier thinks that his army is the best in the world, his regiment is the best in the army, his company is the best in the regiment, his squad the best in the company, and that he himself is the best damned soldier in… Read More

Enjoying Ourselves…

“Message: ‘German attack east of St. Eloi. PPCLI relief postponed.’ … That extra sentence seemed a lot to men who had not slept for five days and there was some cursing in the darkness. Colonel Farquhar, following his usual custom of considering the front line as healthy as a village lane, appeared at the back… Read More

Efficiently Demoralise…

“A competent leader can get efficient service from poor troops while … an incapable leader can demoralize the best of troops.” John Pershing (1860 to 1948) John J. Pershing, in full John Joseph Pershing, byname Black Jack, was a US Army general who commanded the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in Europe during World War I. On… Read More

Organic Family…

“Battalions certainly differed in their character and their competence both from others and within themselves over time. Battalions are much like an organic family. They are held together by intangibles ‐ leadership, comradeship, motivation, morale ‐ that defy quantification or even easy description. In good units, soldiers feel ‐ know ‐ they are in the… Read More

A Fighting General Who Understood Men…

“How many commanders have we produced who, like General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, could stand alone wrapped in a British Warm at a cross-roads to watch a brigade of infantry go by? It may have looked like wasted time to the staff but his sole question to a passing young company commander (who did not realize… Read More

Three Essentials…

“Our success over our enemies will depend upon the degree of development of certain essentials of military personnel: 1. Skillful and resolute leadership. 2. A high morale. 3. Well organized and disciplined troops. If we have the first of these three we are bound to have the last two.” General Alexander M. Patch (1889 to… Read More