Decrease in Injury Rates at the New Zealand Army’s Training Army Depot (TAD)

Research  Paper Title Decrease in Injury Rates at Training Army Depot (TAD), New Zealand Army. Introduction Injury rates at Training Army Depot (TAD) All Arms Recruit Courses (AARC’s) have been investigated by the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Exercise Physiology team over the last 4 years. These investigations included physiological and biomechanical assessments as well… Read More

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Resistance Training: Understanding & Overcoming the ‘Sticking Point’

Research Paper Title Understanding and Overcoming the Sticking Point in Resistance Exercise. Abstract In the context of resistance training the so called “sticking point” is commonly understood as the position in a lift in which a disproportionately large increase in the difficulty to continue the lift is experienced. If the lift is taken to the point… Read More

The Biomechanics of Standing Calf Raises

The standing calf raise is a common resistance exercise for strengthening the plantar flexors that act at the ankle joint (i.e., gastrocnemius, soleus). Calf raises are a method of exercising the gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior and soleus muscles of the lower leg. The movement performed is plantar flexion, aka ankle extension. Improper form while performing this… Read More

The Biomechanics of Lifting & Carrying Objects

Common advice for individuals lifting objects from a standing position includes “keep the back straight” and “lift with the legs.” As a fitness professional, what if your client was to ask for an explanation of this advice? Is this advice correct from a biomechanical perspective? Figure A shows an incorrect method of lifting an object… Read More

The Patellofemoral Joint: From Dysplasia to Dislocation

Research Paper Title The patellofemoral joint: from dysplasia to dislocation. Abstract Patellofemoral dysplasia is a major predisposing factor for instability of the patellofemoral joint. However, there is no consensus as to whether patellofemoral dysplasia is genetic in origin, caused by imbalanced forces producing maltracking and remodelling of the trochlea during infancy and growth, or due… Read More

Load Carriage & Extreme Environments

Research Paper Title Moving in Extreme Environments: Extreme Loading; Carriage versus Distance. Abstract This review addresses human capacity for movement in the context of extreme loading and with it the combined effects of metabolic, biomechanical and gravitational stress on the human body. This topic encompasses extreme duration, as occurs in ultra-endurance competitions (e.g. adventure racing… Read More