What were the Civil Wars of the Tetrarchy (306-324 AD)?

Introduction The Civil wars of the Tetrarchy were a series of conflicts between the co-emperors of the Roman Empire, starting in 306 AD with the usurpation of Maxentius and the defeat of Severus and ending with the defeat of Licinius at the hands of Constantine I in 324 AD. Background The Tetrarchy refers to the… Read More


What was the Battle of the Milvian Bridge (312)?

Introduction The Battle of the Milvian Bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius on 28 October 312 (part of the Civil Wars of the Tetrarchy, 306-324 AD). It takes its name from the Milvian Bridge, an important route over the Tiber. Constantine won the battle and started on the path that… Read More

What was the Battle of Allia (390 BC)?

Introduction The Battle of the Allia was a battle fought c. 390 BC between the Senones (a Gallic tribe who had invaded northern Italy) and the Roman Republic. The battle was fought at the confluence of the Tiber and Allia rivers, 11 Roman miles (16 km, 10 miles) north of Rome. The Romans were routed and… Read More

What was the Revolt of the Batavi (69-70 AD)?

Introduction The Revolt of the Batavi took place in the Roman province of Germania Inferior between 69 and 70 AD. It was an uprising against the Roman Empire started by the Batavi, a small but militarily powerful Germanic tribe that inhabited Batavia, on the delta of the river Rhine. They were soon joined by the… Read More

What was the Battle of Philippi (42 BC)?

Introduction The Battle of Philippi was the final battle in the Wars of the Second Triumvirate between the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian (of the Second Triumvirate) and the leaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination, Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC, at Philippi in Macedonia. The Second Triumvirate declared the civil war ostensibly to avenge… Read More

What was the Treaty of Lutatius (241 BC)?

Introduction The Treaty of Lutatius was the agreement of 241 BC, amended in 237 BC, between Carthage and Rome which ended the First Punic War after 23 years of conflict. Most of the fighting during the war took place on, or in the waters around, the island of Sicily and in 241 BC a Carthaginian… Read More

What was the Siege of Drepana (249-241 BC)?

Introduction The Siege of Drepana took place from about 249 to 241 BC during the First Punic War. Drepana (today’s Trapani) and Lilybaeum (today’s Marsala) were two Carthaginian naval strongholds at the western end of Sicily that came under prolonged Roman attack. During the beginning of the siege, the naval victory of the Carthaginians over… Read More