Brave Men, Brave Hearts…

“Live as brave men; and if fortune is adverse, front its blow with brave hearts.” Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BC to 43 BC) Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, and writer who vainly tried to uphold republican principles in the final civil wars that destroyed the Roman Republic. His writings include books of rhetoric, orations, philosophical and… Read More

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Civil War & Ideology…

“Things looked very different if you were a participant in civil war. Although its foundation myth included fratricide, as Romulus killed Remus, and after the internal conflicts which brought down the Republican form of government civil war haunted the Roman imagination, Rome during most of its history was rather better than Greek cities at avoiding… Read More

When Do I Get Paid?

“One type of expense incurred in modern wars was not always present in the ancient world: paying the troops. As we have seen, in the classical city state citizenship was bound up with military service. For a long time city states thus had no need to pay their citizen-soldiers. In the Greek world the only… Read More

Unity & Victory…

“Ubi concordia, ibi victoria.” “Where is the unity, there is the victory.” Publilius Syrus (85 to 43 BC) Publilius Syrus was a Latin mime writer contemporary with Cicero, chiefly remembered for a collection of versified aphorisms that were extracted by scholars from his mimes, probably in the 1st century AD.

Believe…

“Men willingly believe when they want to.”Julius Caesar (100 BCE to 44 BCE) Gaius Julius Caesar was a celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58-50 BCE), victor in the civil war of 49-45 BCE, and dictator (46-44 BCE). He was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated… Read More

Fear: Battle & War…

“The fear of battle is worse than war itself.” Seneca (Died 65 AD) Seneca the Younger, fully Lucius Annaeus Seneca and also known simply as Seneca, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, and dramatist. He was born in Córdoba in Hispania, and raised in Rome, where he was trained in rhetoric and philosophy.

Mental Power and Peace & War…

“It is a pity that kings and rulers do not apply their mental powers as effectively to the preservation of peace as to the prosecution of war.” Gaius Sallustius Crispus (86 BC to 35/34 BC) Commonly referred to as Sallust, he was a Roman historian and one of the great Latin literary stylists, noted for… Read More