Introduction The Marian reforms were reforms of the ancient Roman army implemented in 107 BC by the statesman Gaius Marius, for whom they were later named. The reforms originated as a reaction to the military and logistical stagnation of the Roman Republic in the late 2nd century BC. Centuries of military campaigning throughout the Mediterranean… Read More
Who was Gaius Marius?
Introduction Gaius Marius (c. 157 BC – 13 January 86 BC) was a Roman general, politician, and statesman. Victor of the Cimbric and Jugurthine wars, he held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. He was also noted for his important reforms of Roman armies. He set the precedent for the shift… Read More
What was Sulla’s Civil War (83-81 BC)?
Introduction Sulla’s civil war was fought between the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla and his opponents, the Cinna-Marius faction (usually called the Marians or the Cinnans after their former leaders Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Cinna), in the years 83-81 BC. The war ended with a decisive battle just outside Rome itself. After the war… Read More
Who was Sulla?
Introduction Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (138-78 BC), commonly known as Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He won the first large-scale civil war in Roman history, and became the first man of the republic to seize power through force. Sulla had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving… Read More
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