What was the Aetolian War (191-189 BC)?

Introduction The Aetolian War (191-189 BC) was fought between the Romans and their Achaean and Macedonian allies, and the Aetolian League and their allies the kingdom of Athamania. The Aetolians had invited Antiochus III the Great to Greece, who came, but after his defeat by the Romans returned to Asia. This left the Aetolians and… Read More


What was the Seleucid War (192-188 BC)?

Introduction The Seleucid War (192-188 BC) – also known as the Roman-Seleucid War, War of Antiochos, or the Syrian War – was a military conflict between two coalitions led by the Roman Republic and the Seleucid Empire. The fighting took place in modern day southern Greece, the Aegean Sea and Asia Minor. The war was… Read More

What was the Second Macedonian War (200-197 BC)?

Introduction The Second Macedonian War (200-197 BC) was fought between Macedon, led by Philip V of Macedon, and Rome, allied with Pergamon and Rhodes. Philip was defeated and was forced to abandon all possessions in southern Greece, Thrace and Asia Minor. During their intervention, although the Romans declared the “freedom of the Greeks” against the… Read More

What were the Macedonian Wars (214-148 BC)?

Introduction The Macedonian Wars (214-148 BC) were a series of conflicts fought by the Roman Republic and its Greek allies in the eastern Mediterranean against several different major Greek kingdoms. They resulted in Roman control or influence over the eastern Mediterranean basin, in addition to their hegemony in the western Mediterranean after the Punic Wars.… Read More