Introduction The Achaean War of 146 BC was fought between the Roman Republic and the Greek Achaean League, an alliance of Achaean and other Peloponnesian states in ancient Greece. It was the final stage of Rome’s conquest of mainland Greece, taking place just after the Fourth Macedonian War (150-148 BC). Rome and Achaea had been… Read More
What was the Cretan War (205-200 BC)?
Introduction The Cretan War (205-200 BC) was fought by King Philip V of Macedon, the Aetolian League, many Cretan cities (of which Olous and Hierapytna were the most important) and Spartan pirates against the forces of Rhodes and later Attalus I of Pergamum, Byzantium, Cyzicus, Athens, and Knossos. The Macedonians had just concluded the First… Read More
What was the Battle of Pydna (148 BC)?
Introduction The Battle of Pydna was fought in 148 BC between Rome and the forces of the Macedonian leader Andriscus. The Roman force was led by Quintus Caecilius Metellus, and was victorious. The result of the battle played an important role in deciding the outcome of the Fourth Macedonian War. This battle annihilated the last… Read More
What was the Fourth Macedonian War (150-148 BC)?
Introduction The Fourth Macedonian War (150 BC to 148 BC) was fought between the Roman Republic and a Macedonian uprising led by the Macedonian pretender to the throne, Andriscus. Pretending to be a descendant of the former ruling dynasty of Macedon, the Antigonid dynasty which had been deposed by the Romans after the Third Macedonian… Read More
What was the Battle of Pydna (168 BC)?
Introduction The Battle of Pydna took place in 168 BC between Rome and Macedon during the Third Macedonian War. The battle saw the further ascendancy of Rome in the Hellenistic world and the end of the Antigonid line of kings, whose power traced back to Alexander the Great. The battle is also considered to be… Read More
What was the Battle of Callinicus (171 BC)?
Introduction The Battle of Callinicuswas fought in 171 BC between the Kingdom of Macedon and the Roman Republic near a hill called Callinicus, close to the Roman camp at Tripolis Larisaia, five kilometres north of Larissa, the capital of Thessaly. It was fought during the first year of the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). The… Read More
What was the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC)?
Introduction The Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC) was a war fought between the Roman Republic and King Perseus of Macedon. In 179 BC, King Philip V of Macedon died and was succeeded by his ambitious son Perseus. He was anti-Roman and stirred anti-Roman feelings around Macedonia. Tensions escalated and Rome declared war on Macedon. Most… Read More
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