Anger vs Deliberation…

“In my opinion, however, disasters such as these teach men this lesson with regard to anger: one ought not to punish even a slave in anger; for masters who have lost their tempers often do more harm to themselves than they inflict; but in dealing with enemies it is utterly and entirely wrong to launch… Read More

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Loyalty: Well vs Misfortune…

“There is nothing remarkable about being loyal when things are going well; what is remembered and remembered for ever is when people stand by their friends in their times of misfortune.” (Xenophon, 1978, p.230). Xenophon was a Greek historian and philosopher whose numerous surviving works are valuable for their depiction of late Classical Greece. His… Read More

Being Loyal…

“There is nothing remarkable about being loyal when things are going well; what is remembered and remembered for ever is when people stand by their friends in their times of misfortune.” (Xenophon, 1978, p.230). Xenophon was a Greek historian and philosopher whose numerous surviving works are valuable for their depiction of late Classical Greece. His… Read More

Avoid & Master…

“Beware lest in your anxiety to avoid war you obtain a master.” Demosthenes (384 BC to 322) An Athenian statesman, recognised as the greatest of ancient Greek orators, who roused Athens to oppose Philip of Macedon and, later, his son Alexander the Great. His speeches provide valuable information on the political, social, and economic life… Read More

The Wisdom of Crowds: A Plataean & Spartan Perspective

“THE Plataeans were besieged: walled in by their enemies, the Spartans. They could make ladders to climb out, but how tall should they be? Citizens were asked to guess the wall’s height by counting its bricks, with the most popular estimate taken as correct. It worked: 212 duly escaped. This episode from 428 BC is the first known use of the wisdom… Read More

Solon’s Top 10 Tips

In giving advice, seek to help, not please, your friend. Men keep agreements when it is to the advantage of neither to break them. Put more trust in nobility of character than in an oath. Speech is the mirror of action. Reprove thy friend privately; commend him publicly. Clear your mind of can’t. I grow… Read More

Ancient Soldiers & Early Statistics

“In ancient times, the Athenian general and historian Thucydides described an attempt by soldiers to estimate the height of a wall before a siege. The calculation was made by  counting rows of bricks. Though “some [soldiers] might miss the right calculation,” he wrote, “most would hit upon it”. Making siege ladders based on the most… Read More