Cowards & Fools…

“The Nation that makes a great distinction between its scholars and its warriors will have its thinking done by cowards and its fighting done by fools.” Thucydides (460 to 404 BC) Considered the greatest of ancient Greek historians and author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the struggle between Athens and Sparta… Read More

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Considering the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Super Soldiers

Research Paper Title Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications. Abstract The Spartan city-state produced what has been perhaps one of the most ruthless military forces in recorded history, second only to Hitler’s Schutzstaffel. Crucial to Sparta’s supremacy was the belief that military training and education began at birth. Those judged by state officials to have… Read More

The Wisdom of Crowds: A Plataean & Spartan Perspective

“THE Plataeans were besieged: walled in by their enemies, the Spartans. They could make ladders to climb out, but how tall should they be? Citizens were asked to guess the wall’s height by counting its bricks, with the most popular estimate taken as correct. It worked: 212 duly escaped. This episode from 428 BC is the first known use of the wisdom… Read More