What is the Agoge?

Introduction The agōgē (Greek: ἀγωγή in Attic Greek, or ἀγωγά, agōgā in Doric Greek) was the rigorous education and training programme mandated for all male Spartan citizens, except for the firstborn son in the ruling houses, Eurypontid and Agiad. The training involved cultivating loyalty to the Spartan group, military training (e.g. pain tolerance), hunting, dancing,… Read More

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Considering the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Super Soldiers

Research Paper Title Super Soldiers: The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications. Abstract The Spartan city-state produced what has been perhaps one of the most ruthless military forces in recorded history, second only to Hitler’s Schutzstaffel. Crucial to Sparta’s supremacy was the belief that military training and education began at birth. Those judged by state officials to have… Read More

The Wisdom of Crowds: A Plataean & Spartan Perspective

“THE Plataeans were besieged: walled in by their enemies, the Spartans. They could make ladders to climb out, but how tall should they be? Citizens were asked to guess the wall’s height by counting its bricks, with the most popular estimate taken as correct. It worked: 212 duly escaped. This episode from 428 BC is the first known use of the wisdom… Read More