Discipline, Toil & Risk…

“That Greek philosophers of the time never, or hardly ever, experienced war did not stop them pontificating on the subject. The philosophers, however, did come across soldiers. Their attitudes to the members of the army who protected them were marked by alienation, contempt, and fear. They considered that the life of a soldier was one… Read More

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When Do I Get Paid?

“One type of expense incurred in modern wars was not always present in the ancient world: paying the troops. As we have seen, in the classical city state citizenship was bound up with military service. For a long time city states thus had no need to pay their citizen-soldiers. In the Greek world the only… Read More

Unity & Victory…

“Ubi concordia, ibi victoria.” “Where is the unity, there is the victory.” Publilius Syrus (85 to 43 BC) Publilius Syrus was a Latin mime writer contemporary with Cicero, chiefly remembered for a collection of versified aphorisms that were extracted by scholars from his mimes, probably in the 1st century AD.

Loyalty: Well vs Misfortune…

“There is nothing remarkable about being loyal when things are going well; what is remembered and remembered for ever is when people stand by their friends in their times of misfortune.” (Xenophon, 1978, p.230). Xenophon was a Greek historian and philosopher whose numerous surviving works are valuable for their depiction of late Classical Greece. His… Read More

Being Loyal…

“There is nothing remarkable about being loyal when things are going well; what is remembered and remembered for ever is when people stand by their friends in their times of misfortune.” (Xenophon, 1978, p.230). Xenophon was a Greek historian and philosopher whose numerous surviving works are valuable for their depiction of late Classical Greece. His… Read More

One Purpose…

“There is only one purpose to which a whole society can be directed by a deliberate plan. That purpose is war, and there is not other.” Walter Lippman (1889 to 1974) William Penn Adair Rogers was an American newspaper commentator and author who in a 60-year career made himself one of the most widely respected… Read More