An Overview of Jungle Warfare

Introduction Jungle warfare (also known as woodland warfare) is warfare in forests, jungles, or similar environments. The term encompasses military operations affected by the terrain, climate, vegetation, and wildlife of densely-wooded areas, as well as the strategies and tactics used by military forces in these situations and environments. Refer to Counter-Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School.… Read More


What is a Stay-Behind Operation?

Introduction In a stay-behind operation, a country places secret operatives or organisations in its own territory, for use in case an enemy occupies that territory. If this occurs, the operatives would then form the basis of a resistance movement or act as spies from behind enemy lines. Small-scale operations may cover discrete areas, but larger… Read More

The Potential Role of Cryptocurrencies in Military Operations

Introduction Cryptocurrencies, exemplified by Bitcoin and Ethereum, have stirred the financial realm since their genesis. Predominantly utilised in finance and commerce, these digital currencies harbour possibilities that far outreach their customary domains. This article scrutinises the conceivable role that cryptocurrencies can and do play in military endeavours, spotlighting the merits, potential implementations, and impediments that… Read More

What was the Canadian Expeditionary Force Command?

Introduction Canadian Expeditionary Force Command (CEFCOM, French: Commandement de la Force expéditionnaire du Canada or COMFEC) was an operational element of the Canadian Forces for operations outside of Canada, created in 2006 and merged into the Canadian Joint Operations Command in 2012. Under the CF structure, Canadian Expeditionary Forces Command (CEFCOM) was the unified command… Read More

What are Distributed Operations (US)?

Introduction Distributed Operations (DO) is a war-fighting concept drafted by the United States Marine Corps and developed primarily by their Warfighting Laboratory as a response to the changing environment of the Global War on Terror. Adaptive enemies and a more complex environment were seen as requiring conventional forces to maintain the ability to decentralise decision… Read More

What is the Military Operations Research Society?

Introduction The Military Operations Research Society (MORS) is a society for professionals active within defence applications of operations research (OR) in the United States of America (US). Memberships include analysts, researchers, consultants and officers in the US Department of Defence, organisations within the military of the United States, various think tanks, academic institutions and consultancy… Read More

What is Battle Management Language?

Introduction A Battle Management Language (BML) is the unambiguous language used to command and control forces and equipment conducting military operations and to provide for situational awareness and a shared, common operational picture. Outline It can be seen as a standard digitised representation of a commander’s intent to be used for real troops, for simulated… Read More