What are the Regional Changes in Density and Microarchitecture in the Ultradistal Tibia of Female Recruits after US Army Basic Combat Training?

Research Paper Title Regional Changes in Density and Microarchitecture in the Ultradistal Tibia of Female Recruits after U.S. Army Basic Combat Training. Background Musculoskeletal injuries, such as stress fracture, are responsible for over 10-million lost-duty days among US Army Soldiers. During Basic Combat Training (BCT), an 8- to 10-week programme that transforms civilians into Soldiers,… Read More

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Preventing Heat Illnesses During Basic Combat Training

Research Paper Title Incidence, timing, and seasonal patterns of heat illnesses during U.S. Army basic combat training, 2014-2018. Background Risk factors for heat illnesses (HIs) among new soldiers include: Exercise intensity; Environmental conditions at the time of exercise; A high body mass index; and Conducting initial entry training during hot and humid weather when recruits… Read More

Military Recruits & Dietary Intake

Research Paper Title Dietary Intake in Relation to Military Dietary Reference Values During Army Basic Combat Training; a Multi-center, Cross-sectional Study. Background The military dietary reference intakes (MDRIs), outlined in Army Regulation 40-25, OPNAVINST 10110.1/MCO10110.49, AFI 44-141, establish standards intended to meet the nutrient requirements of Warfighters. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to… Read More

What is the Combined Effect of Cigarette Smoking & Fitness on Injury Risk in Military Recruits?

Research Paper Title The Combined Effect of Cigarette Smoking and Fitness on Injury Risk in Men and Women. Background Prior studies have identified cigarette smoking and low fitness as independent risk factors for injury; however, no studies have evaluated the combined effect of cigarette smoking and fitness on injury risk. Therefore the objective was to… Read More

What is the Role of Drill Sergeants in Nutrition Behaviours of Soldiers in Basic Combat Training?

Research Paper Title Role of Drill Sergeants in Nutrition Behaviours of Soldiers in Basic Combat Training. Background In the US Army, soldiers’ nutrition behaviours have a direct impact on their performance. The emphasis in basic combat training is on “soldierisation” (transforming a civilian into a soldier), and drill sergeants are instrumental in this process. Limited… Read More

US Army Basic Combat Training (BCT): Highlighting the Association between Barracks Type & Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs)

Research Paper Title Association Between Barracks Type and Acute Respiratory Infection in a Gender Integrated Army Basic Combat Training Population. Background Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the leading cause of acute morbidity and lost work time in the United States. Few studies have looked at building design and transmission of ARIs. Objectives This study explores… Read More

Modelling Overuse Injuries in US Army Basic Combat Training (BCT)

Research Paper Title Physical Training Outcome Predictions With Biomechanics, Part II: Overuse Injury Modeling. Background In Part II of a two-part series, the researchers develop a phenomenological model of a negative outcome of U.S. Army Basic Combat Training that affects a large proportion of trainees. Previous models have been epidemiological in nature and have focused… Read More