Preventing Heat Illnesses During Basic Combat Training

Research Paper Title Incidence, timing, and seasonal patterns of heat illnesses during U.S. Army basic combat training, 2014-2018. Background Risk factors for heat illnesses (HIs) among new soldiers include: Exercise intensity; Environmental conditions at the time of exercise; A high body mass index; and Conducting initial entry training during hot and humid weather when recruits… Read More

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What is the Relationship between Physiological Parameter Changes & Severe Heatstroke Induced by 5-km Armed Cross-Country Training?

Research Paper Title Relationship between physiological parameters changes and severe heatstroke induced by 5-km armed cross-country training. Background The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between physiological parameters changes and severe heatstroke induced by 5-km armed cross-country training. Methods A total of 521 male officers and soldiers from a special team who… Read More

Reviewing Exertional Heat Illness in US Marine Corps Recruit Training (1996)

Research Paper Title Exertional heat illness in Marine Corps recruit training. Background Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurring problem in military training resulting in loss of manpower and training effectiveness. A scientific approach to this problem requires quantitative analysis of factors related to its occurrence. Methods Review of clinic and hospital records identified all… Read More

Military Working Dogs & Core Temperature Response

Research Paper Title Core temperature responses of military working dogs during training activities and exercise walks. Background Heat strain is common in military working dogs (MWDs), but can be mitigated by limiting duration of activity to avoid overheating and allowing sufficient time for recovery. To determine work/rest times for MWDs, temperature responses during training must… Read More

Update: Heat illness & Active Component in the US Armed Forces in 2016

Research Paper Title Update: Heat illness, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016. Abstract In 2016, there were 2,536 incident diagnoses of heat illness among active component service members (incidence rate: 1.96 cases per 1,000 person-years [p-yrs]). The overall crude incidence rates of heat stroke and “other heat illness” were 0.31 and 1.65 per 1,000 p-yrs,… Read More

Occupational Heat Stress in Australian Workplaces: Heat Strain Greatest in Military-related Activities

Research Paper Title Occupational heat stress in Australian workplaces. Background The aim of this review was to summarise the current state of knowledge on heat stress risk within typical Australian occupational settings. Methods The researchers assessed identified occupations (mining, agriculture, construction, emergency services) for heat production and heat loss potential, and resultant levels of physiological… Read More

Risk Factors for Exertional Rhabdomyolysis in Military Populations

Research Paper Title Exertional Rhabdomyolysis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. Abstract Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a medical condition whereby damage to skeletal muscle is induced by excessive physical activity in otherwise healthy individuals. The individual performs so much activity that he/ she presumably depletes local muscle energy stores and muscle cells are unable to maintain… Read More