Reviewing Exertional Heat Illness in US Marine Corps Recruit Training (1996)

Research Paper Title Exertional heat illness in Marine Corps recruit training. Background Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurring problem in military training resulting in loss of manpower and training effectiveness. A scientific approach to this problem requires quantitative analysis of factors related to its occurrence. Methods Review of clinic and hospital records identified all… Read More

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Military Working Dogs & Core Temperature Response

Research Paper Title Core temperature responses of military working dogs during training activities and exercise walks. Background Heat strain is common in military working dogs (MWDs), but can be mitigated by limiting duration of activity to avoid overheating and allowing sufficient time for recovery. To determine work/rest times for MWDs, temperature responses during training must… Read More

Heat Acclimatisation: What is the Value of Short-term, Low-volume Training in the Operational Context?

Research Paper Title Short-Term, Low-Volume Training Improves Heat Acclimatization in an Operational Context. Background Personnel who travel to areas with a hot climate (WBGT > 27°C) may suffer from the heat (physiological strain, thermal discomfort, increased probability of heat illness), making them partially or fully inoperative. Performing physical activities during heat acclimatisation is known to… Read More

What is the Incidence of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis in the US Armed Forces, 2012-2016

Research Paper Title Update: Exertional rhabdomyolysis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012-2016. Abstract Among active component service members in 2016, there were 525 incident diagnoses of rhabdomyolysis likely due to physical exertion and/or heat stress (“exertional rhabdomyolysis”). The crude incidence rate in 2016 was 40.7 cases per 100,000 person-years. Annual rates of incident diagnoses of… Read More

What is the Incidence of Exertional Hyponatremia in the US Armed Forces, 2001-2016

Research Paper Title Update: Exertional hyponatremia, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2001-2016. Abstract From 2001 through 2016, there were 1,519 incident diagnoses of exertional hyponatremia among active component service members (incidence rate: 6.9 cases per 100,000 person-years [p-yrs]). The incidence rate in 2016 (6.6 cases per 100,000 p-yrs) represented a decrease of 23.3% from 2015.… Read More

Update: Heat illness & Active Component in the US Armed Forces in 2016

Research Paper Title Update: Heat illness, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016. Abstract In 2016, there were 2,536 incident diagnoses of heat illness among active component service members (incidence rate: 1.96 cases per 1,000 person-years [p-yrs]). The overall crude incidence rates of heat stroke and “other heat illness” were 0.31 and 1.65 per 1,000 p-yrs,… Read More

Occupational Heat Stress in Australian Workplaces: Heat Strain Greatest in Military-related Activities

Research Paper Title Occupational heat stress in Australian workplaces. Background The aim of this review was to summarise the current state of knowledge on heat stress risk within typical Australian occupational settings. Methods The researchers assessed identified occupations (mining, agriculture, construction, emergency services) for heat production and heat loss potential, and resultant levels of physiological… Read More