Research Paper Title Update: Heat illness, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016. Abstract In 2016, there were 2,536 incident diagnoses of heat illness among active component service members (incidence rate: 1.96 cases per 1,000 person-years [p-yrs]). The overall crude incidence rates of heat stroke and “other heat illness” were 0.31 and 1.65 per 1,000 p-yrs,… Read More
Occupational Heat Stress in Australian Workplaces: Heat Strain Greatest in Military-related Activities
Research Paper Title Occupational heat stress in Australian workplaces. Background The aim of this review was to summarise the current state of knowledge on heat stress risk within typical Australian occupational settings. Methods The researchers assessed identified occupations (mining, agriculture, construction, emergency services) for heat production and heat loss potential, and resultant levels of physiological… Read More
Heat Exposure: Linking Balance Ability, Physical Performance & Workload
Research Paper Title Physiological Responses and Balance Ability are Affected by Physical Workload and Heat Exposure in Workers. Introduction Japan is experiencing high temperatures and relative humidity (rh) during the summer months, which lead to increases in the incidence of heat stroke among outdoor workers. According to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in… Read More
What is the Physical & Psychological Effect of Body Armour in a Jungle Environment?
Research Paper Title Soldiers’ Perceived versus Actual Heat Strain in a Jungle Environment. Introduction Soldiers are regularly required to work in hot environments whilst wearing protective body armour (BA). However, BA is impermeable and decreases the torso surface area available for evaporative heat losses. Consequently, an elevation in body core temperature was observed with early… Read More
Fitness, Obesity & Risk of Heat Illness Among US Army Trainees.
Research Paper Title Fitness, Obesity and Risk of Heat Illness Among Army Trainees. Background Exertional heat illness (EHI) affects military personnel, athletes and occupational groups such as agricultural workers, despite knowledge of preventive measures. Aims To evaluate EHI diagnoses during US Army basic training and its associations with fitness and body fat on entering military… Read More
Exertional Heat Illness in Military Populations
Research Paper Title Heat Illness in Military Populations: Asking the Right Questions for Research. Abstract Reports of death and injury in military populations due to exertional heat illness (EHI) and its most severe form, exertional heat stroke, date from antiquity. Yet, understanding of why one soldier may succumb to EHI, while those around them do… Read More
Running Injuries & Illness 07
Running Illness Hyponatraemia and Fluid Replacement Individuals who attempt long distance events such as marathons will recognise the need to maintain adequate hydration. Over-hydration can, however, lead to severe illness in the form of exercise-associated hyponatraemia (EAH), which is defined as serum sodium of less than 135 mmol/l during or up to 24 hours after… Read More
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