Introduction Relative energy deﬁciency in sport (RED-S) is a condition of low energy availability affecting male and female athletes of all levels and ages. What is RED-S? RED-S is the result of insufficient caloric intake and/or excessive energy expenditure. Who Does It Affect? It affects both male and female athletes who do not fuel adequately,… Read More
Running Injuries & Illness 08
Sport and Exercise Medicine Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) is a relatively new National Health Service (NHS) specialty that was set up in 2005 in response to the growing need to manage musculoskeletal and exercise-related injury and illness. SEM consultants are trained in musculoskeletal medicine, exercise prescription and promotion and public health and as such… Read More
Running Injuries & Illness 07
Running Illness Hyponatraemia and Fluid Replacement Individuals who attempt long distance events such as marathons will recognise the need to maintain adequate hydration. Over-hydration can, however, lead to severe illness in the form of exercise-associated hyponatraemia (EAH), which is defined as serum sodium of less than 135 mmol/l during or up to 24 hours after… Read More
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