Motor Neuron Disease: Civilian vs Military Populations

Research Paper Title Is the incidence of motor neuron disease higher in French military personnel? Background Previous studies, mostly from the United States, showed an increased risk of motor neuron disease (MND) in military personnel. The researchers compared MND incidence rates in French military personnel to that in the general population. Methods Among persons covered… Read More

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Smoking & Basic Training: Does It Have a Negative Impact on Physical Training?

Research Paper Title Smoking and Biochemical, Performance, and Muscle Adaptation to Military Training. Background To determine whether physical performance adaptation is impaired in smokers during early stages of military training and to examine some of the putative mechanistic candidates that could explain any impairment. Methods The researchers examined measures of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde [MDA], lipid… Read More

Non-specific lower back pain among a cohort of Chinese army soldiers

Research Paper Title A retrospective cross-sectional survey of non-specific lower back pain among a cohort of Chinese army soldiers. Background Nonspecific lower back pain (LBP) has been a major public health problem in western countries since the second half of the 20 t h century. The trend has expanded to non-western countries, and LBP is currently a… Read More

Improving the Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Interventions in the South Korean Military

Research Paper Title Strategic Priorities to Improve Effectiveness of Anti-smoking Interventions for the Korean Military: An Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Background As South Korea remains technically at war with the North, higher smoking prevalence in the military might adversely affect the South Korea’s military power and contribute to lifetime smoking in men with… Read More

Combat Exposure as a Predictor of Smoking Status

Research Paper Title Combat, PTSD and Smoking Trajectory in a Cohort of Male Australian Army Vietnam Veterans. Background Whether trauma exposure itself or consequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is primarily responsible for smoking and failure to quit remains unclear. Methods A cohort of male Australian Vietnam veterans (N = 388) was interviewed twice, 22 and… Read More

Linking Health Behaviours & the Development of Diseases in a Military Population

Research Paper Title Predicting how health behaviours contribute to the development of diseases within a military population in the Hungarian Defence Forces. Background Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years,… Read More

Trauma Exposure in US Soldiers: Linking Genetics, Bipolar Disorder & Alcohol Misuse

Research Paper Title Trauma exposure interacts with the genetic risk of bipolar disorder in alcohol misuse of US soldiers. Background To investigate whether trauma exposure moderates the genetic correlation between substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders, we tested whether trauma exposure modifies the association of genetic risks for mental disorders with alcohol misuse and nicotine… Read More