Introduction The Military Court of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (referred to as the Military Court of the PLA) is the highest level military court (High Military Court, a special people’s court executing the authority of the High People’s Court) established by the People’s Republic of China within the Chinese People’s Liberation Army with jurisdiction… Read More
What are Military Operations Other Than War (China)?
Introduction Chinese military operations other than war (MOOTW) focus on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises. The non-traditional missions of the Chinese armed forces have evolved as an increasingly used tool of statecraft. China has deployed forces in more than a dozen UN peacekeeping missions, and… Read More
An Overview of the Kuomintang in Burma (1950-1961)
Introduction The Kuomintang (KMT) in Burma (Chinese: 泰緬孤軍; pinyin: Tài Miǎn gūjūn; lit. ‘Thailand–Burma lone army’) were Chinese Nationalist troops that fled from Communist-controlled Red China to Burma in 1950 after their defeat by the Communists in the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949). Officially the Yunnan Anti-communist National Salvation Army (sometimes referred to in English as… Read More
Who was Huang Yongsheng?
Introduction Huang Yongsheng (simplified Chinese: 黄永胜; traditional Chinese: 黃永勝; pinyin: Huáng Yǒngshèng; 1910–1983) was a general of the China’s People’s Liberation Army. In 1955 Huang was awarded the position of Shang Jiang (colonel-general), and Huang continued to rise throughout the 1950s and 1960s, eventually becoming Lin Biao’s Chief-of-staff during the Cultural Revolution. Because of Huang’s… Read More
What is Underground Project 131?
Introduction Underground Project 131 (Chinese: “131”地下工程; pinyin: “131” Dìxià gōngchéng) is a system of tunnels in Hubei province constructed in the late 1960s and the early 1970s to accommodate the Chinese People’s Liberation Army command headquarters in case of a nuclear war. The facility was never fully completed or used, and is currently open to… Read More
What is Conscription (in China)?
Introduction A conscription system is employed in China. In practice, mandatory military service has not been implemented since 1949 as the People’s Liberation Army has been able to recruit sufficient numbers voluntarily. Residents of the Special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macau, are exempted from joining the military. Registering for the Draft The Chinese system… Read More
What is Learn from Lei Feng Day (China)?
Introduction Lei Feng (18 December 1940 to 15 August 1962) was a soldier in the People’s Liberation Army who was the object of several major propaganda campaigns in China. The most well known of these campaigns in 1963 promoted the slogan, “Follow the examples of Comrade Lei Feng.” Lei was portrayed as a model citizen,… Read More
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