Thinking of Atoms…

“The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking, and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophes.” Albert Einstein (1879 to 1955) Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the… Read More

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Force of Arms & Not Force of Arms…

“The goal of this kind of warfare will encompass more than merely using means that involve the force of arms to control the enemy to accept one’s own will. Rather, the goal should be to use all means whatsoever-means that involve the force of arms and means that do not involve the force of arms,… Read More

What is the Number of Nuclear Detonations?

Between 1945 and 2018, there have been “2450 nuclear detonations” (Holmes, 2018, p.46). “…the origins of Greenpeace, which started life in Vancouver as a protest against the US nuclear test on Amchitka Island, Alaska, in 1971.” (Holmes, 2018, p.46). Reference Holmes, B. (2018) The Art of Remembering. New Scientist. 05 May 2018, p.46.

Nuclear: 200,000 Bombs & 30 Countries…

“But then I would remember what Weinmann-Smith told me: there is at least enough nuclear material in the world to make 200,000 bombs, and the International Atomic Energy Agency speculates that 30 countries have the capability to do so.” (Whyte, 2018, p.13). Reference Whyte, C. (2018) Huntig Potential Nuclear Bombs. New Scientist. 04 August 2018,… Read More

World War…

“I know not with what weapons world war III will be fought, but world war IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” Albert Einstein (1879 to 1955), contemplating nuclear devastation. A German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921 for his explanation… Read More

Changing: History & Warfare

“Throughout the entire course of history, warfare is always changing.” André Beaufre (1902-1975) André Beaufre was a French Army officer and military strategist who attained the grade of Général d’Armée before his retirement in 1961.

Bomb Destruction: Is There A Social Impact?

“In 1949, [Fred Charles] Ikle left his studies in Chicago and travelled through bombed-out Germany. The war hadn’t touched his family directly, and he wanted to know how people coped with devastation on such a massive scale. One of the cities he visited, Hamburg, had suffered roughly the same number of casualties as Nagasaki [target… Read More