What is the Hannibal Directive?

Introduction The Hannibal Directive (Hebrew: נוהל חניבעל) (or “Procedure” or “Protocol”) is a controversial procedure that Israel Defence Forces (IDF) have used follow to prevent the capture of Israeli soldiers by enemy forces (refer to prisoner of war). It was introduced in 1986, after a number abductions of IDF soldiers in Lebanon and the subsequent… Read More


What is the Dahiya Doctrine?

Introduction The Dahiya doctrine, or Dahya doctrine, is a military strategy of asymmetric warfare, outlined by former Israel Defence Forces (IDF) Chief of General Staff Gadi Eizenkot, which encompasses the destruction of the civilian infrastructure of regimes deemed to be hostile as a measure calculated to deny combatants the use of that infrastructure and endorses… Read More

What is the Samson Option?

Introduction The Samson Option (Hebrew: ברירת שמשון, b’rerat shimshon) is the name that some military analysts and authors have given to Israel’s deterrence strategy of massive retaliation with nuclear weapons as a “last resort” against a country whose military has invaded and/or destroyed much of Israel. Commentators also have employed the term to refer to… Read More

What was the Yom Kippur War (1973)?

Introduction The Yom Kippur War, also known as the Ramadan War, the October War, the 1973 Arab-Israeli War or the Fourth Arab-Israeli War, was an armed conflict fought from 06 to 25 October 1973 between Israel and a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria. Refer to Arab-Israeli War (Disambiguation). The majority of… Read More

What was the 1947-1949 Palestine War?

Introduction The 1947–1949 Palestine war was a war fought in the territory of Palestine under the British Mandate. It is known in Israel as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות‎, Milkhemet Ha’Atzma’ut) and in Arabic as a central component of the Nakba (Arabic: النَّكْبَة‎, lit. ’the disaster’). It is the first war of the Israeli-Palestinian… Read More

What was the Six-Day War (1967)?

Introduction The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מִלְחֶמֶת שֵׁשֶׁת הַיָּמִים‎, Milhemet Sheshet HaYamim; Arabic: النكسة‎, an-Naksah, “The Setback” or حرب 1967, Ḥarb 1967, “War of 1967”), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab-Israeli War, or Third Arab-Israeli War, was fought between 05 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt. Relations between Israel… Read More

What was the Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem (2002)?

Introduction The Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem was a siege of suspected Palestinian militants by Israel Defence Forces in Bethlehem in the West Bank that lasted from 02 April to 10 May 2002. As part of Operation Defensive Shield (2002), the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) occupied Bethlehem and tried to capture… Read More