What is the Economy of Force?

Introduction Economy of force is one of the nine Principles of War, based upon Carl von Clausewitz‘s approach to warfare. It is the principle of employing all available combat power in the most effective way possible, in an attempt to allocate a minimum of essential combat power to any secondary efforts. It is the judicious… Read More

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What is the Operational Level of War?

Introduction In the field of military theory, the operational level of war (also called operational art, as derived from Russian: оперативное искусство, or operational warfare) represents the level of command that connects the details of tactics with the goals of strategy. In Joint US military doctrine, operational art is “the cognitive approach by commanders and… Read More

What is Military Doctrine?

Introduction Military doctrine is the expression of how military forces contribute to campaigns, major operations, battles, and engagements. It is a guide to action, rather than being hard and fast rules. Doctrine provides a common frame of reference across the military. It helps standardise operations, facilitating readiness by establishing common ways of accomplishing military tasks.… Read More

What is Joint Warfare?

Introduction Joint warfare is a military doctrine which places priority on the integration of the various service branches of a state’s armed forces into one unified command (refer to Combined Arms). Joint warfare is in essence a form of combined arms warfare on a larger, national scale, in which complementary forces from a state’s army,… Read More

Creative Art…

“The creative leader is one who will rewrite doctrine, employ new weapons systems, develop new tactics and who pushes the state of the art.” John O. Marsh Jr (1926 to Present) John Otho Marsh Jr. is an American politician and an Adjunct Professor at George Mason University School of Law. He served as the United… Read More

The Best & Most Influential Military Work…

“The best and most influential military work was Bingfa (The Art of War), a short book by Sun Zi (Sun Tzu). His strategies dominate the thirteen chapters, and his goal, winning the battle, underlies the whole book. The Art of War is the first important work on strategy and theory in world military history. Michael… Read More

Changing Conditions, Changing Methods…

“It is necessary to be completely unsympathetic to abstract formulas and rules and to study with sympathy the conditions of the actual fighting, for these will change in accordance with the physical and economic situations and the realization of the people’s aspirations. These progressive changes in conditions create new methods.” Mao Tse-Tung (1893 to 1976)… Read More