Reviewing the Benefits & Challenges of Dogs in the Workplace

Research Paper Title Dogs in the Workplace: A Review of the Benefits and Potential Challenges. Abstract Pet dogs, therapy dogs, and service dogs can be seen in workplaces with increasing frequency. Although dogs may provide many benefits to employees and employers, their presence may introduce additional hazards and concerns to the work environment. Therefore, decisions… Read More

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Linking Respiratory Symptoms, Military Service Abroad & Desert Environments

Research Paper Title Respiratory symptoms among Swedish soldiers after military service abroad: association with time spent in a desert environment. Background The aim of this paper was to study whether Swedish soldiers who have served abroad had a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms than the general population and, if this was the case, also to… Read More

Linking Violence, Temperature and Crop Yields

“Research finds a strong historical link between poor crop yields and violence.” (The Economist, 2017, p.57). Last year over 102,000 people died in nearly 50 armed conflicts across the world, according to the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), a think-tank. Much of this violence is caused by tensions between ethnic groups – two-thirds of civil wars have… Read More

Heat Acclimatisation: What is the Value of Short-term, Low-volume Training in the Operational Context?

Research Paper Title Short-Term, Low-Volume Training Improves Heat Acclimatization in an Operational Context. Background Personnel who travel to areas with a hot climate (WBGT > 27°C) may suffer from the heat (physiological strain, thermal discomfort, increased probability of heat illness), making them partially or fully inoperative. Performing physical activities during heat acclimatisation is known to… Read More

Determining the Effect of Low Ambient Relative Humidity during Load Carriage

Research Paper Title The Effect of Low Ambient Relative Humidity on Physical Performance and Perceptual Responses during Load Carriage Background The study evaluated the effect of low ambient relative humidity on physical performance and perceptual responses during load carriage in a hot environment. Methods Ten heat-unacclimatised male subjects participated in three 130-min trials, during which… Read More

Is Hot Downhill Running an Effective Preconditioning Strategy?

Research Paper Title The Hsp72 and Hsp90α mRNA Responses to Hot Downhill Running Are Reduced Following a Prior Bout of Hot Downhill Running, and Occur Concurrently within Leukocytes and the Vastus Lateralis. Background The leukocyte heat shock response (HSR) is used to determine individual’s thermotolerance. The HSR and thermotolerance are enhanced following interventions such as… Read More

What is the Incidence of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis in the US Armed Forces, 2012-2016

Research Paper Title Update: Exertional rhabdomyolysis, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2012-2016. Abstract Among active component service members in 2016, there were 525 incident diagnoses of rhabdomyolysis likely due to physical exertion and/or heat stress (“exertional rhabdomyolysis”). The crude incidence rate in 2016 was 40.7 cases per 100,000 person-years. Annual rates of incident diagnoses of… Read More