Examining Patterns of Sedentary Behaviour & Mortality in US Middle-Aged & Older Adults

Research Paper Title Patterns of Sedentary Behavior and Mortality in U.S. Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A National Cohort Study. Background Excessive sedentary time is ubiquitous in Western societies. Previous studies have relied on self-reporting to evaluate the total volume of sedentary time as a prognostic risk factor for mortality and have not examined whether the… Read More

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The Systems of Sedentary Behaviours Framework

Research Paper Title The SOS-framework (Systems of Sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: a DEDIPAC-study. Background Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in… Read More

Linking Physical Activity, Mortality & Adiposity

Research Paper Title Physical Activity and All-cause Mortality Across Levels of Overall and Abdominal Adiposity in European Men and Women: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Study (EPIC). Background The higher risk of death resulting from excess adiposity may be attenuated by physical activity (PA). However, the theoretical number of deaths reduced by eliminating physical inactivity compared… Read More

Associations between Intake of Saturated & Trans Unsaturated Fatty Acids & Risk of All Cause Mortality, CVD & Type 2 Diabetes

Research Paper Title Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Objective To systematically review associations between intake of saturated fat and trans unsaturated fat and all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated mortality, coronary… Read More

Alcohol Consumption & Its Association with All-Cause Mortality

A prospective cohort study of 39,577 people (59.6% women) recruited in Melbourne, Australia, during 1990-1994 used self-reported alcohol intake to calculate the association between alcohol consumption and mortality over a lifetime. Mortality was lower in those who kept within the recommended weekly limits compared with abstainers. For men, all cause mortality started to climb steeply… Read More

What’s the Link between Genetically Low Vitamin D Concentrations & Increased Mortality?

Research Paper Title Genetically Low Vitamin D Concentrations and Increased Mortality: Mendelian Randomisation Analysis in Three Large Cohorts. Study Question Are genetically low 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations associated with increased mortality when a mendelian randomisation approach is used? Summary Answer Genetically low 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were associated with increased all cause mortality, cancer mortality, and other mortality but… Read More

Mortality & Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Research Paper Title Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Study Question What is the association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer morality? Summary Answer Evidence from prospective cohort studies shows that… Read More