Is Excessive BMI Increase during Puberty is a Risk Marker of Adult Cardiovascular Mortality?

Research Paper Title Association between excessive BMI increase during puberty and risk of cardiovascular mortality in adult men: a population-based cohort study. Background Being overweight during childhood and adolescence is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood, but the relative contribution of prepubertal childhood BMI and BMI change during puberty to adult mortality… Read More

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How Many US Cardiovascular Deaths are due to Modifiable Risk Factors?

If the five commonest modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease – high cholesterol concentrations, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking – were eliminated in the United States, deaths from cardiovascular disease would be halved, a new study in the Annals of Internal Medicine has found (Patel et al., 2015). Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease… Read More

Coffee Consumption & Mortality

Research Paper Title Coffee Consumption and Mortality From All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Background Several studies have analysed the relationship between coffee consumption and mortality, but the shape of the association remains unclear. Methods The researchers conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies to examine the dose-response associations between coffee consumption… Read More

Mortality & Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Research Paper Title Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Study Question What is the association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer morality? Summary Answer Evidence from prospective cohort studies shows that… Read More

Dietary Fibre Intake & Mortality among Survivors of Myocardial Infarction

Research Paper Title Dietary Fiber Intake and Mortality among Survivors of Myocardial Infarction: Prospective Cohort Study. Study Question What are the associations of dietary fibre post-myocardial infarction (MI) and changes of dietary fibre from before to after MI with all cause and cardiovascular mortality? Summary Answer In this prospective study of dietary fibre intake after… Read More

Vitamin D & Risk of Cause Specific Death

Research Paper Title Vitamin D and Risk of Cause Specific Death: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Cohort and Randomised Intervention Studies. Obejctive To evaluate the extent to which circulating biomarker and supplements of vitamin D are associated with mortality from cardiovascular, cancer, or other conditions, under various circumstances. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of… Read More

HDL Cholesterol & Cardiovascular Mortality

High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is a strong predictor of reduced cardiovascular mortality in the general population, and drugs to increase HDL cholesterol have been seen as potential successors to statins – which have been huge profit makes for the pharmaceutical industry. But none developed so far has shown any protective effect. And a new study… Read More