Tear Gas: Okay for Protests but Banned in War!

The term “tear-gas” covers a range of chemicals, of which the most widely used include o-chlorobensylidene malononitrile (cs), oleoresin capsicum (oc, or pepper spray) and 1-chloroacetophenone (cn). The gases are in fact powders, and new variants are designed to disperse slowly. Bizarrely, chemicals that are so often used on civilians are banned for military use.… Read More


Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare

Background The Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare is an annual event held 30 November each year as a “tribute to the victims of chemical warfare, as well as to reaffirm the commitment of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to the elimination of the threat of chemical weapons,… Read More

MOF-5 & Chemical War Agent Decontamination

Research Paper Title Multifunctional Ag@MOF-5@chitosan non-woven cloth composites for sulfur mustard decontamination and hemostasis. Abstract Attachment of MOF-5 particles on the surface of carboxymethylated non-woven chitosan cloth (denoted MOF-5@chitosan) was achieved by a layer-by-layer technique in an alternating bath of Zn(OAc)2·2H2O and terephthalic acid solutions. Afterwards, silver nanoparticles were formed/loaded within the resulting MOF-5@chitosan by… Read More

Force of Arms & Not Force of Arms…

“The goal of this kind of warfare will encompass more than merely using means that involve the force of arms to control the enemy to accept one’s own will. Rather, the goal should be to use all means whatsoever-means that involve the force of arms and means that do not involve the force of arms,… Read More

Reviewing the Health Service of the Austro-Hungarian Army during the World War I

Research Paper Title The Health Service of the Austro-Hungarian Army during the World War I. Abstract Main article in Hungarian. Based on until unknown details and data authors evaluate the activity of the medical service of the Austro-Hungarian army in the First World War. They analyse the types of injuries, the various infectious diseases and… Read More

What is the Role of Genetic Background in Susceptibility to Chemical Warfare Nerve Agents across Rodent and Non-human Primate Models?

Research Paper Title The role of genetic background in susceptibility to chemical warfare nerve agents across rodent and non-human primate models. Abstract Genetics likely play a role in various responses to nerve agent exposure, as genetic background plays an important role in behavioral, neurological, and physiological responses to environmental stimuli. Mouse strains or selected lines… Read More