Tear Gas: Okay for Protests but Banned in War!

The term “tear-gas” covers a range of chemicals, of which the most widely used include o-chlorobensylidene malononitrile (cs), oleoresin capsicum (oc, or pepper spray) and 1-chloroacetophenone (cn). The gases are in fact powders, and new variants are designed to disperse slowly. Bizarrely, chemicals that are so often used on civilians are banned for military use.… Read More


Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare

Background The Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare is an annual event held 30 November each year as a “tribute to the victims of chemical warfare, as well as to reaffirm the commitment of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to the elimination of the threat of chemical weapons,… Read More

MOF-5 & Chemical War Agent Decontamination

Research Paper Title Multifunctional Ag@MOF-5@chitosan non-woven cloth composites for sulfur mustard decontamination and hemostasis. Abstract Attachment of MOF-5 particles on the surface of carboxymethylated non-woven chitosan cloth (denoted MOF-5@chitosan) was achieved by a layer-by-layer technique in an alternating bath of Zn(OAc)2·2H2O and terephthalic acid solutions. Afterwards, silver nanoparticles were formed/loaded within the resulting MOF-5@chitosan by… Read More

Is Exposure to Jet Fuel Associated with Changes in Neurocognitive Performance?

Research Paper Title JP8 exposure and neurocognitive performance among US Air Force personnel. Background Petroleum-based fuels such as jet propellant (JP) 4, JP5, JP8, and jet A1 (JetA) are among the most common occupational chemical exposures encountered by military and civilian workforce. Although acute toxicity following high-level exposures to JP8 and similar chemical mixtures has… Read More