Study Finds that Vegetarians have Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancers

Vegetarian diets are associated with an overall lower incidence of colorectal cancers, a large prospective cohort trial of Seventh Day Adventist men and women has found (Orlich et al., 2015). The US study, published online by JAMA Internal Medicine, included 77,659 men and women who were assessed by a food frequency questionnaire and categorised into… Read More


Is There a Link between Blood Glucose Concentrations & Pancreatic Cancer?

Research Paper Title Blood Glucose Concentration and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Study Question Does pre-diabetes, the precursor of type 2 diabetes, increase the risk of pancreatic cancer? Summary Answer There is a linear doe-response relation between fasting blood glucose concentration and the rate of pancreatic cancer for both pre-diabetes and… Read More

Coffee Consumption & Mortality

Research Paper Title Coffee Consumption and Mortality From All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Background Several studies have analysed the relationship between coffee consumption and mortality, but the shape of the association remains unclear. Methods The researchers conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies to examine the dose-response associations between coffee consumption… Read More

Mortality & Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Research Paper Title Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Study Question What is the association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer morality? Summary Answer Evidence from prospective cohort studies shows that… Read More

Vitamin D & Risk of Cause Specific Death

Research Paper Title Vitamin D and Risk of Cause Specific Death: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Cohort and Randomised Intervention Studies. Obejctive To evaluate the extent to which circulating biomarker and supplements of vitamin D are associated with mortality from cardiovascular, cancer, or other conditions, under various circumstances. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of… Read More

Fish Oils & Cancer: Good, Bad & Both

Fish oils are said to be the most marvellous of things, they are widely praised for their cardio-protective properties. A cohort study of 70 495 people from Washington State, followed up for four to six years, suggests that they are even better at preventing cancer (Bell et al., 2014). The research noted that a higher combined… Read More

Research: Work Stress & Risk of Cancer

Research Paper Title: Work Stress and Risk of Cancer: Meta-analysis of 5700 Incident Cancer Events in 116,000 European Men and Women. Study Question: Does work related stress increase the risk of common cancers? Summary Answer: Work related stress, measured and defined as job strain, is not associated with incident colorectal, lung, prostate, or breast cancers.… Read More