What is EPOC?

Introduction Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC, informally termed afterburn) is a measurably increased rate of oxygen intake following strenuous activity. Background In historical contexts the term “oxygen debt” was popularised to explain or perhaps attempt to quantify anaerobic energy expenditure, particularly as regards lactic acid/lactate metabolism; in fact, the term “oxygen debt” is still widely… Read More

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Energy: People vs Cars

You might think that the way cars work has nothing in common with how people work, but you would be wrong. When it comes to the way cars and bodies use energy, they do just the same job. Can you spot the Difference? A body gets energy from food molecules. These are made of long… Read More

What is Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S)?

Introduction Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) is a condition of low energy availability affecting male and female athletes of all levels and ages. What is RED-S? RED-S is the result of insufficient caloric intake and/or excessive energy expenditure. Who Does It Affect? It affects both male and female athletes who do not fuel adequately,… Read More

Analysing Training Load & Energy Expenditure during Military Basic Training

Research Paper Title Training Load and Energy Expenditure during Military Basic Training Period. Background To compare training load and energy expenditure during an 8-wk military basic training (BT) period among individuals having different fitness level using objective measurements in an authentic environment. Methods Thirty-four voluntary male conscripts (age, 19.1 ± 0.3 years) were divided into… Read More

Wanna Run Faster? Get a Spring in Your Step!

High-tech footwear is making running more efficient and could eventually help us run more than 50% faster! David Braun and Amanda Sutrisno (2020) at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee modelled the energy used during running and factors that can affect that, including air resistance, the limited power of a human leg and losses that occur each… Read More

How Many Calories Do You Burn Fishing?

Fishing can be a great deal of fun for anyone. Whether you are a first-time fisherman, a novice angler or you are a seasoned veteran, the thrill of the catch can be a hard feeling to rival. And not only can fishing be fun and exciting for virtually anyone, but it is also a sport… Read More

5 Steps to Meet your Body’s Nutritional Needs & Aid your Fitness Goals

Okay, so January is nearly over, but you may still (just) be sticking to that New Year’s resolution of losing weight and getting fit! If you are trying to shed weight or gain muscle, you may have heard of macronutrients – or macros for short. However, calculating how much of your calorie intake should come… Read More