Who was Wolfgang Luth?

Introduction Wolfgang Lüth (15 October 1913 to 14 May 1945) was the second most successful German U-boat captain of World War II. His career record of 46 merchant ships plus the French submarine Doris sunk during 15 war patrols, with a total tonnage of 225,204 gross register tons (GRT), was second only to that of… Read More

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Who was Charles Fryatt?

Introduction Charles Algernon Fryatt (02 December 1872 to 27 July 1916) was a British mariner who was executed by the Germans for attempting to ram a U-boat in 1915 (Refer to World War I). When his ship, the SS Brussels, was captured off the Netherlands in 1916, he was court-martialled and sentenced to death because… Read More

What is Intensified Submarine Warfare?

Introduction Intensified submarine warfare, a form of submarine warfare practiced by Germany in the first months of 1916, represented a German political compromise between the internationally recognised Prize Rules (which made submarines virtually ineffective as commerce raiders) and unrestricted submarine warfare (in which submarines sink merchant ships operating in designated War Zones without warning, and… Read More

What is Unrestricted Submarine Warfare?

Introduction Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules (also known as “cruiser rules”). Prize rules call for warships to search merchantmen and place crews in “a place of safety” (for which lifeboats do not… Read More

What is Submarine Warfare?

Introduction Submarine warfare is one of the four divisions of underwater warfare, the others being anti-submarine warfare, mine warfare and mine countermeasures. Submarine warfare consists primarily of diesel and nuclear submarines using torpedoes, missiles or nuclear weapons, as well as advanced sensing equipment, to attack other submarines, ships, or land targets. Submarines may also be… Read More

What was the RMS Lusitania?

Introduction RMS Lusitania was a British ocean liner that was sunk on 07 May 1915, during World War I, by a German U-boat 11 miles (18 km) off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 1,198 passengers and crew. The sinking occurred about two years before the United States declaration of war on Germany. Although the… Read More