Who was John Quincy Marr?

Introduction John Quincy Marr (27 May 1825 to 01June 1861) was a Virginia militia company captain and the first Confederate soldier killed by a Union soldier in combat during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Marr was killed at the Battle of Fairfax Court House, Virginia on 01 June 1861. Previously one of Fauquier County’s two… Read More


What was the Enrolment Act of 1863?

Introduction The Enrollment Act of 1863 (12 Stat. 731, enacted 03 March 1863) also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was an Act passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army. An Act for enrolling and calling out the national Forces, and… Read More

What was the Militia Act of 1862?

Introduction The Militia Act of 1862 (12 Stat. 597, enacted 17 July 1862) was an Act of the 37th United States Congress, during the American Civil War, that authorised a militia draft within a state when the state could not meet its quota with volunteers. An Act to amend the Act calling forth the Militia… Read More

What was the Colfax Massacre (1873)?

Introduction The Colfax massacre, sometimes referred to by the euphemism Colfax riot, occurred on Easter Sunday, 13 April 1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, the seat of Grant Parish. An estimated 62-153 black militia men were killed while surrendering to a mob of former Confederate soldiers, members of the Ku Klux Klan and the White League. Three… Read More

What was the Battle of Five Forks (1865)?

Introduction The Battle of Five Forks was fought on 01 April 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, at the end of the Siege of Petersburg, near the conclusion of the American Civil War. The Union Army commanded by Major General Philip Sheridan defeated a Confederate force from… Read More

What was the Cornerstone Speech (1861)?

Introduction The Cornerstone Speech, also known as the Cornerstone Address, was an oration given by Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens at the Athenaeum in Savannah, Georgia, on 21 March 1861, delivered extemporaneously a few weeks before the American Civil War (1861-1865) began with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter. Stephens’s speech defended slavery as… Read More

What was the Wilmot Proviso (1846)?

Introduction The Wilmot Proviso was an unsuccessful 1846 proposal in the United States Congress to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican-American War. The conflict over the Wilmot Proviso was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War (1861-1865). Congressman David Wilmot of Pennsylvania first introduced the proviso in… Read More