What is Liberation and Freedom Day (Virginia, US)?

Introduction In a unanimous vote, on 01 July 2019, the City Council of Charlottesville, Virginia, established a new city holiday, Liberation and Freedom Day, to be celebrated on 03 March. Refer to American Civil War. Background Union Army troops, under the command of Major General Philip Sheridan, arrived in Charlottesville on 03 March 1865, liberating… Read More


Who was Julian Scott?

Introduction Julian A. Scott (14 February 1846 to 04 July 1901), was born in Johnson, Vermont, and served as a Union Army drummer during the American Civil War, where he received America’s highest military decoration the Medal of Honour for his actions at the Battle of Lee’s Mills. He was also an American painter and… Read More

Who was Peter Conover Hains?

Introduction Peter Conover Hains (06 July 1840 to 07 November 1921) was a major general in the United States Army, and a veteran of the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, and the First World War. He is best known for his engineering efforts, such as the creation of the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C., and… Read More

Who was John Clem?

Introduction John Lincoln Clem (13 August 1851 to 31 May 1937), famously known as Johnny Shiloh, was a United States Army general who served as a drummer boy in the Union Army in the American Civil War. He gained fame for his bravery on the battlefield, becoming the youngest non-commissioned officer in Army history. He… Read More

What is the Women’s Relief Corps?

Introduction The Woman’s Relief Corps (WRC) is a charitable organisation in the United States, originally founded as the official women’s auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) in 1883. The organisation was designed to assist the GAR and provide post-war relief to Union veterans. The GAR had been created as a “fraternal” organisation… Read More

Who was Lewis A. Grant?

Introduction Lewis Addison Grant (17 January 1828 to 20 March 1918) was a teacher, lawyer, soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and later United States Assistant Secretary of War. He was among the leading officers from the state of Vermont, and received the Medal of Honour for “personal gallantry and intrepidity.”… Read More

What was the United Confederate Veterans?

Introduction The United Confederate Veterans (UCV, or simply Confederate Veterans) was an American Civil War veterans’ organisation headquartered in New Orleans, Louisiana. It was organised on 10 June 1889, by ex-soldiers and sailors of the Confederate States as a merger between the Louisiana Division of the Veteran Confederate States Cavalry Association; N.B. Forrest Camp of… Read More