What is a War Bride?

Introduction War brides are women who married military personnel from other countries in times of war or during military occupations, a practice that occurred in great frequency during World War I and World War II. Among the largest and best documented examples of this were the marriages between American servicemen and German women which took… Read More

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Who was Arthur MacArthur Jr.?

Introduction Arthur MacArthur Jr. (02 June 1845 to 05 September 1912) was a lieutenant general of the United States Army. He became the military Governor-General of the American-occupied Philippines in 1900; his term ended a year later due to clashes with the civilian governor, future-US President William Howard Taft. His son, Douglas MacArthur, was one… Read More

Who was Smedley Butler?

Introduction Major General Smedley Darlington Butler (30 July 1881 to 21 June 1940), nicknamed “Maverick Marine”, was a senior United States Marine Corps officer who fought in the Philippine-American War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Mexican Revolution and World War I. During his 34-year career as a Marine, he participated in military actions in the Philippines,… Read More

Who was George E. Stewart?

Introduction George Evans Stewart (02 August 1872 to 02 March 1946) was an officer in the United States Army and a Medal of Honour recipient for his actions in the Philippine-American War. Background He later commanded the 339th Infantry Regiment and the American Expeditionary Force in northern Russia (refer to Allies Intervention in the Russia… Read More

What was the Battle of Tirad Pass (1899)?

Introduction The Battle of Tirad Pass (Tirad); (Spanish: Batalla de Paso Tirad; Tagalog: Labanan sa Pasong Tirad; Ilocano: Gubat ti Paso), sometimes referred to as the “Philippine Thermopylae”, was a battle in the Philippine-American War fought on 02 December 1899, in northern Luzon in the Philippines, in which a 60-man Filipino rearguard commanded by Brigadier… Read More

What was the Philippine-American War (1899-1902)?

Introduction The Philippine-American War, also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency (Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra filipino-estadounidense), was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from 04 February 1899 to 02 July 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the… Read More

What was the Spanish-American War (1898)?

Introduction The Spanish–American War (Spanish: Guerra hispano-estadounidense or Guerra hispano-americana; Filipino: Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana Harbour in Cuba, leading to US intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led… Read More