Who was Arthur MacArthur Jr.?

Introduction Arthur MacArthur Jr. (02 June 1845 to 05 September 1912) was a lieutenant general of the United States Army. He became the military Governor-General of the American-occupied Philippines in 1900; his term ended a year later due to clashes with the civilian governor, future-US President William Howard Taft. His son, Douglas MacArthur, was one… Read More


What were the Imperial German Plans for the Invasion of the US?

Introduction Imperial German plans for the invasion of the United States were ordered by staff officers from 1897 to 1903 as training exercises in planning for war. The hypothetical operations was supposed to force the US to bargain from a weak position and to sever its growing economic and political connections in the Pacific Ocean,… Read More

Who was Willard Miller?

Introduction Willard Dwight Miller (05 June 1877 to 09 February 1959) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America’s highest military decoration – the Medal of Honour – for his actions in the Spanish-American War. Background Willard Miller was born in Maitland, Nova Scotia on 05 June 1877. He enlisted in the… Read More

Who was Peter Conover Hains?

Introduction Peter Conover Hains (06 July 1840 to 07 November 1921) was a major general in the United States Army, and a veteran of the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, and the First World War. He is best known for his engineering efforts, such as the creation of the Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C., and… Read More

What is the Veterans of Foreign Wars?

Introduction The Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW), formally the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, is an organisation of US war veterans, who, as military service members fought in wars, campaigns, and expeditions on foreign land, waters, or airspace. The organisation was established twice separately, once by James C. Putnam on 29 September… Read More

What was the Philippine-American War (1899-1902)?

Introduction The Philippine-American War, also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency (Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra filipino-estadounidense), was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from 04 February 1899 to 02 July 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the… Read More

What was the Spanish-American War (1898)?

Introduction The Spanish–American War (Spanish: Guerra hispano-estadounidense or Guerra hispano-americana; Filipino: Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was an armed conflict between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of USS Maine in Havana Harbour in Cuba, leading to US intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. The war led… Read More