What was the Platt Amendment (1901)?

Introduction On 02 March 1901, the Platt Amendment was passed as part of the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States (US) troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War, and an eighth condition that Cuba signs a treaty accepting these seven conditions. It defined… Read More


What was the Teller Amendment (1898)?

Introduction The Teller Amendment was an amendment to a joint resolution of the United States Congress, enacted on 20 April 1898, in reply to President William McKinley’s War Message. It placed a condition on the United States (US) military’s presence in Cuba. According to the clause, the US could not annex Cuba but only leave… Read More

What was the Big Stick Ideology?

Introduction Big stick ideology, big stick diplomacy, or big stick policy refers to President Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy, “speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far”. Roosevelt described his style of foreign policy as “the exercise of intelligent forethought and of decisive action sufficiently far in advance of any likely crisis”. As… Read More