What was War Plan Black?

Introduction One of the United States colour-coded war plans, War Plan Black was the name of an American military plan to fight Germany in the early 20th century. Background The best-known version was conceived as a contingency plan during World War I in case France fell and the Germans attempted to seize French possessions in… Read More

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What were the Imperial German Plans for the Invasion of the US?

Introduction Imperial German plans for the invasion of the United States were ordered by staff officers from 1897 to 1903 as training exercises in planning for war. The hypothetical operations was supposed to force the US to bargain from a weak position and to sever its growing economic and political connections in the Pacific Ocean,… Read More