What is the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia?

Introduction The Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is an inter-governmental forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia. It is a forum based on the recognition that there is a close link between peace, security and stability in Asia and in the rest of the world. The… Read More


Is there a Relationship between Oil Price & Military Expenditure in GCC Countries?

Research Paper Title Relationship between oil price volatility and military expenditures in GCC countries. Background Natural resource-rich countries transfer more sources to military expenditures due to extreme security concerns. As public revenues have declined due to the decline in oil prices, military expenditures have been cut in many countries. Nevertheless, this is not valid for… Read More

What is the Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)?

The Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), headquartered at Porton Down in Salisbury, provides solutions to the problems of UK defence and security by delivering high-impact science and technology. DSTL is an Executive Agency of the Ministry of Defence (MOD), operated along commercial lines. It is one of the principal government organisations dedicated to science and technology in the… Read More

Security & Opportunity…

“There is no security in this life. There is only opportunity.” General Douglas MacArthur (1880 to 1964) A US Army General who is widely known for his exploits during World War II, where he commanded the Southwest Pacific Theatre, as military administrator of post-war Japan during the Allied occupation that followed (1945-51), and leading UN… Read More

New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945

Research Paper Title “Total Intelligence”: New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945. Abstract This dissertation aims to provide an historical analysis of the UK-USA Agreement and an assessment of its significance for New Zealand’s security and defence. An alliance based on the exchange and cooperation of signals intelligence, the UK-USA Agreement has established… Read More