New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945

Research Paper Title

“Total Intelligence”: New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945.

Abstract

This dissertation aims to provide an historical analysis of the UK-USA Agreement and an assessment of its significance for New Zealand’s security and defence.

An alliance based on the exchange and cooperation of signals intelligence, the UK-USA Agreement has established a global network of intelligence and security. The recent declassification of documents associated with the Agreement has enabled a re-examination of the alliance, allowing the opportunity for new interpretations to arise. The UK-USA Agreement is a significant alliance for New Zealand, providing the nation with numerous benefits.

An analysis of the extent to which the Agreement impacted New Zealand requires an understanding, first, of the origins of the alliance – specifically the relationship between signals intelligence agencies in Great Britain and the United States and the external conditions which demanded an Anglo-American alliance. The focus then shifts to New Zealand, specifically the establishment of the national signals intelligence agency, the Government Communications Security Bureau. The significance of the UK-USA Agreement for New Zealand is assessed in the final chapter through an analysis of the benefits gained and the sacrifices made, creating a complete account of the alliance.

The technological demands of the twenty first century have reinforced the necessity of the UK-USA Agreement, and this dissertation seeks to provide a historically-rooted account of the UK-USA intelligence and security community from New Zealand’s perspective.

Document

Total Intelligence, New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945 (Neems, 2014)

Reference

Neems, A. (2014) “Total Intelligence”: New Zealand Signals Intelligence in Historical Context since 1945. Undergraduate Dissertation. Dunedin: University of Otago.

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