What is a Blockbuster?

Introduction A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – typically used to describe a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful. The term has also come to refer to any large-budget production intended for ‘blockbuster’ status, aimed at mass markets with associated merchandising, sometimes on a scale that… Read More

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World War II Warbirds

A variety of World War II warbirds played a pivotal part in the allied war effort such as the Lancaster bomber and the P-51 Mustang fighter. Aircraft B-24 Bomber (US): Early models of the long range heavy bomber, known as the Liberator, were primarily used for transporting cargo and persons of special interest. Some of… Read More

Can Bombs Help Create Life?

“SOME bombs can help create life.” (Karath, 2017, p.16). “A series of miscalculated bombing raids aimed at an airport created more than a hundred ponds near the village of Apaj in central Hungary. The bombs fell on a type of habitat called sodic meadows, which give rise to a saline environment when covered in water. In all, 274 species, including turtles and water… Read More

Aerial Bombing: What is the Tipping Point for the Civilian Population?

In a doctoral thesis, Ikle suggested that the proponents of airpower had overestimated the relationship between the intensity of aerial bombing and the density of a city’s surviving population. “Ikle was impressed by the amount of urban hardship and overcrowding that people could endure. But there were limits. The tipping point seemed to be reached… Read More

Aerial Bombing: A Formula for Estimating Residential Overcrowding

In a doctoral thesis, Ikle suggested that the proponents of airpower had overestimated the relationship between the intensity of aerial bombing and the density of a city’s surviving population. “Ikle devised a simple formula to predict how overcrowded the houses of a bombed-out city might become. If P1 = population of a city before destruction,… Read More

Aerial Bombing: Elasticity of Supply of Urban Housing

In a doctoral thesis, Ikle suggested that the proponents of airpower had overestimated the relationship between the intensity of aerial bombing and the density of a city’s surviving population. “…the Royal Air Force strategy of targeting residential areas and ‘de-housing’ civilians proved disappointing. The supply of urban housing was much more elastic than expected, as… Read More