What are Effects-Based Operations?

Introduction Effects-based operations (EBO) is a United States military concept that emerged during the Persian Gulf War for the planning and conduct of operations combining military and non-military methods to achieve a particular effect. An effects-based approach to operations was first applied in modern times in the design and execution of the Desert Storm air… Read More

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What is the Concept of World Peace?

Introduction World peace, or peace on Earth, is the concept of an ideal state of peace within and among all people and nations on Planet Earth. Different cultures, religions, philosophies, and organisations have varying concepts on how such a state would come about. Various religious and secular organisations have the stated aim of achieving world… Read More

What is a Three Block War?

Introduction The Three Block War is a concept described by US Marine Corps (USMC) General Charles Krulak in the late 1990s to illustrate the complex spectrum of challenges likely to be faced by Marines on the modern battlefield. In Krulak’s example, Marines may be required to conduct full-scale military action, peacekeeping operations and humanitarian aid… Read More

What is Loss of Strength Gradient?

Introduction The Loss of Strength Gradient (LSG) is a military concept devised by Kenneth E. Boulding in his 1962 book Conflict and Defense: A General Theory. He argued that the amount of a nation’s military power that could be brought to bear in any part of the world depended on geographic distance. The Loss of… Read More