What is the Concept of World Peace?

Introduction World peace, or peace on Earth, is the concept of an ideal state of peace within and among all people and nations on Planet Earth. Different cultures, religions, philosophies, and organisations have varying concepts on how such a state would come about. Various religious and secular organisations have the stated aim of achieving world… Read More

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What is War Against War?

Introduction In political philosophy and international relations especially in peace and conflict studies the concept of a war against war also known as war on war refers to the reification of armed conflicts. Origin If a work of Edmond Potonié-Pierre from 1877 already discusses the idea of reifying conflicts under the title “la guerre à… Read More

What are Peace Makers?

Introduction Peacemakers, or Peace Makers, are individuals and organisations involved in peacemaking, often in countries affected by war, violent conflict, and political instability. Outline They engage in processes such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration – drawing on international law and norms. The objective is to move a violent conflict into non-violent dialogue, where differences… Read More

What is a Peace Process?

Introduction A peace process is the set of sociopolitical negotiations, agreements and actions that aim to solve a specific armed conflict. Refer to Peace Enforcement, Peacekeeping, and Peacemaking. Definitions Prior to an armed conflict occurring, peace processes can include the prevention of an intra-state or inter-state dispute from escalating into military conflict. The United Nations… Read More

What is a Service Medal?

Introduction A service medal is an award to individuals who participated in designated wars, campaigns, or expeditions, or who have fulfilled specific service requirements in a creditable manner. Service medals are sometimes also campaign medals. Examples of Service Medals United States Two of the service medals currently issued by the United States Armed Forces are… Read More

What is the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict?

Introduction The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is an international day observed annually on 06 November. Background The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict was established on 05 November 2001, by the United Nations General Assembly, during Kofi… Read More

What is War Profiteering?

Introduction A war profiteer is any person or organisation that makes unreasonable profits from warfare or by selling weapons and other goods to parties at war. The term typically carries strong negative connotations. General profiteering, making an unreasonable profit, also occurs in peacetime. An example of war profiteers were the “shoddy” millionaires who allegedly sold… Read More