What is the Peace Organisation of Australia?

Introduction The Peace Organisation of Australia was a non-profit and non-religious organisation based in Melbourne, Australia which was active from 2005 to 2009. Its stated objective was the promotion of world peace through education. The organisation was established in May 2005 by a group of students from the University of Melbourne, and its last president… Read More

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What is a Peaceworker?

Introduction A peaceworker is an individual or member of an organisation that undertakes to resolve violent conflict, prevent the rise of new violent conflicts, and rebuild societies damaged by war. The term peaceworker is usually reserved for civilian, unarmed members of non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Peacework is also carried out by many armed organisations such as… Read More

What is a Demarcation Line?

Introduction A political demarcation line is a geopolitical border, often agreed upon as part of an armistice or ceasefire. Examples Africa Moroccan Wall, delimiting the Moroccan-controlled part of Western Sahara from the Sahrawi-controlled part Americas The Line of Demarcation was one specific line drawn along a meridian in the Atlantic Ocean as part of the… Read More

What is a Ceasefire?

Introduction A ceasefire (or truce), also spelled cease fire (the antonym of ‘open fire’), is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Historically, the concept existed at least by the time of the Middle Ages, when it was known as a ‘truce of God’.… Read More

What was the Christmas Truce (1914)?

Introduction The Christmas truce (German: Weihnachtsfrieden; French: Trêve de Noël) was a series of widespread unofficial ceasefires along the Western Front of the First World War around Christmas 1914. The truce occurred five months after hostilities had begun. Lulls occurred in the fighting as armies ran out of men and munitions and commanders reconsidered their… Read More

What is a White Flag?

Introduction White flags have had different meanings throughout history and depending on the locale. The White Flag The white flag is an internationally recognised protective sign of truce or ceasefire, and for negotiation. It is also used to symbolise surrender, since it is often the weaker party which requests the negotiation. It is also flown… Read More

What is a Peace Treaty?

Introduction A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties. It is different from an armistice, which is an agreement to stop hostilities; a surrender, in which an army agrees to give up arms; or a ceasefire or… Read More