Teaching German in the US

“With its large German immigrant population, Ohio was the first of several states to permit teaching in German alongside English. By 1900 some 4% of elementary-school pupils in America were taught at least partly in German. After the first world war anti-German sentiment led to the end of those programmes and, in Ohio and Indiana,… Read More

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The Object of War?

“The object of war is to bring about the complete submission of the enemy as soon as possible by means of regulated violence.” (US Army, 1914, p.14). General Order (G.O.) 100, 1863, article 20. “Public war is a state of armed hostility between sovereign nations or governments. It is a law and requisite of civilized… Read More

The Last Drop…

“At last we are eye to eye with death. We must renounce all hopes of freaks and fortunes. Sacrifice to the last drop of blood is demand of us. Surrender would paralyse and sap our race for generations.” German Army radio spokesman in a broadcast to German troops during the battle for Hungary (October 1944)

Logistical Ball & Chain…

“Logistics is the ball and chain of armoured warfare.” Heinz Guderian (1888 to 1954) Heinz Wilhelm Guderian was German general and tank expert, who became one of the principal architects of armoured warfare and the blitzkrieg between World Wars I and II. He contributed decisively to Germany’s victories in Poland, France, and the Soviet Union… Read More

PTSD: German Soldiers & Guilt, Shame & Compassionate Imagery in War

Research Paper Title Guilt, Shame and Compassionate Imagery in War: Traumatized German Soldiers with PTSD, a Pilot Study. Background The consideration of specific trauma-associated emotions poses a challenge for the differential treatment planning in trauma therapy. Soldiers experiencing deployment-related posttraumatic stress disorder often struggle with emotions of guilt and shame as a central component of… Read More

New Conditions & Modifying the Principles of War

“No new weapons can be introduced without changing conditions, and every change in condition will demand a modification in the application ofthe principles of war.” Major General John Frederick Charles ‘Boney’ Fuller, CB, CBE, DSO (1878 to 1966) was a senior British Army officer, military historian, and strategist. Notable as an early theorist of modern… Read More

Qualities of an Ideal Staff Officer…

“An ideal General Staff Corps officer might be described as possessing the following qualities: sincerity of conviction, cleverness, modesty, self-effacement in favour of the common cause, and strong personal convictions combined with the ability tactfully to present these convictions to his commanding general. If his opinions were not accepted he must be sufficiently master of… Read More