Who was John Berryman?

Introduction John Berryman VC (18 July 1825 to 27 June 1896) was a British Army non-commissioned officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Victoria Cross Action Born in Dudley, England, Berriman was 29 years… Read More

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Who was Charles Napier?

Introduction Admiral Sir Charles John Napier KCB GOTE RN (06 March 1786 to 06 November 1860) was a British naval officer whose sixty years in the Royal Navy included service in the War of 1812, the Napoleonic Wars, Syrian War and the Crimean War (with the Russians), and a period commanding the Portuguese navy in… Read More

Who was William Hall?

Introduction William Nelson Edward Hall VC (28 April 1827 to 27 August 1904) was the first Black person, first Nova Scotian, and third Canadian to receive the Victoria Cross. He received the medal for his actions in the 1857 Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion. Hall and an officer from his ship continued to… Read More

Income Tax and War

Introduction An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) in respect of the income or profits earned by them (commonly called taxable income). Income tax generally is computed as the product of a tax rate times the taxable income. Taxation rates may vary by type or characteristics of the taxpayer and… Read More

What was the Crimean War (1853-1856)?

Introduction The Crimean War was a military conflict fought from 16 October 1853 to 30 March 1856 in which Russia lost to an alliance made up of France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom and Sardinia. The immediate cause of the war involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, then a part… Read More

What was the Battle of Sinop (1853)?

Introduction The Battle of Sinop, or the Battle of Sinope, was a naval battle that took place on 30 November 1853 between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at Sinop, a sea port along the southern shore of the Black Sea. It was a precursor to the Crimean War (1854-1856). During the battle a squadron of… Read More