Who was William Hall?

Introduction William Nelson Edward Hall VC (28 April 1827 to 27 August 1904) was the first Black person, first Nova Scotian, and third Canadian to receive the Victoria Cross. He received the medal for his actions in the 1857 Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion. Hall and an officer from his ship continued to… Read More


What is Día de los Niños Héroes (Mexico)?

Introduction The Niños Héroes (Boy Heroes, or Heroic Cadets) were six Mexican military cadets who were killed in the defence of Mexico City during the Battle of Chapultepec, one of the last major battles of the Mexican-American War, on 13 September 1847. The date of the battle is now celebrated in Mexico as a civic… Read More

What was the Thornton Affair (1846)?

Introduction The Thornton Affair, also known as the Thornton Skirmish, Thornton’s Defeat, or Rancho Carricitos was a battle 25 April 1846 between the military forces of the United States and Mexico 20 miles (32 km) west upriver from Zachary Taylor’s camp along the Rio Grande. The much larger Mexican force defeated the Americans in the… Read More

What was the Texas Revolution (1835-1836)?

Introduction The Texas Revolution (02 October 1835 to 21 April 1836) was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos (Texas Mexicans) in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. While the uprising was part of a larger one, the Mexican Federalist War, that included other provinces opposed to the… Read More

What was the Battle of Cerro Gordo (1847)?

Introduction The Battle of Cerro Gordo, or Battle of Sierra Gordo, was an engagement in the Mexican-American War on 18 April 1847. The battle saw Winfield Scott’s United States troops outflank Antonio López de Santa Anna’s larger Mexican army, driving it from a strong defensive position. Background After United States forces captured the port of… Read More

What was the Wilmot Proviso (1846)?

Introduction The Wilmot Proviso was an unsuccessful 1846 proposal in the United States Congress to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican-American War. The conflict over the Wilmot Proviso was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War (1861-1865). Congressman David Wilmot of Pennsylvania first introduced the proviso in… Read More

What was the Mexican-American War (1846-1848)?

Introduction The Mexican-American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the Intervención Estadounidense en México (US intervention in Mexico), was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 25 April 1846 to 02 February 1848. It followed the 1845 US annexation of Texas, which Mexico… Read More