What was the Thornton Affair (1846)?

Introduction The Thornton Affair, also known as the Thornton Skirmish, Thornton’s Defeat, or Rancho Carricitos was a battle 25 April 1846 between the military forces of the United States and Mexico 20 miles (32 km) west upriver from Zachary Taylor’s camp along the Rio Grande. The much larger Mexican force defeated the Americans in the… Read More

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What was the Texas Revolution (1835-1836)?

Introduction The Texas Revolution (02 October 1835 to 21 April 1836) was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos (Texas Mexicans) in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico. While the uprising was part of a larger one, the Mexican Federalist War, that included other provinces opposed to the… Read More

What was the Battle of Cerro Gordo (1847)?

Introduction The Battle of Cerro Gordo, or Battle of Sierra Gordo, was an engagement in the Mexican-American War on 18 April 1847. The battle saw Winfield Scott’s United States troops outflank Antonio López de Santa Anna’s larger Mexican army, driving it from a strong defensive position. Background After United States forces captured the port of… Read More

What was the Wilmot Proviso (1846)?

Introduction The Wilmot Proviso was an unsuccessful 1846 proposal in the United States Congress to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican-American War. The conflict over the Wilmot Proviso was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War (1861-1865). Congressman David Wilmot of Pennsylvania first introduced the proviso in… Read More

What was the Mexican-American War (1846-1848)?

Introduction The Mexican-American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the Intervención Estadounidense en México (US intervention in Mexico), was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 25 April 1846 to 02 February 1848. It followed the 1845 US annexation of Texas, which Mexico… Read More

What was the Mexican-American War?

Introduction The Mexican–American War was an armed conflict between the United States of America (US) and Mexico from 1846 to 1848. It is also known in the US as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the Intervención Estadounidense en México (US intervention in Mexico), US-Mexican War, and US-Mexico War. Background It followed the 1845… Read More

Who are the Niños Héroes?

Introduction The Niños Héroes are a key part of Mexico’s patriotic lore, now commemorated by a national holiday on 13 September. Several modern Mexican historians contend that parts of the narrative are not factual. The narrative of the Niňos Heroes has played an important role in shaping historical memory in Mexico since 1847, a source… Read More