What is a Demi-Brigade?

Introduction A demi-brigade (English: Half-brigade) is a military formation used by the French Army since the French Revolutionary Wars. The Demi-brigade amalgamated the various infantry organisations of the French Revolutionary infantry into a single unit. Each one was headed by a chef de brigade. The term “Demi-brigade” was chosen to avoid the feudal ancien régime… Read More


What is Sardinia Day (Sardinia)?

Introduction Sardinia’s Day (Sardinian: sa die de sa Sardigna; Sassarese: la dì di la Sardigna; Gallurese: la dì di la Saldigna; Algherese: lo dia de la Sardenya; Italian: il giorno della Sardegna), also known as Sardinian people’s Day (Italian: Giornata del popolo sardo), is a holiday in Sardinia commemorating the Sardinian Vespers occurring in 1794-1796.… Read More

What was the Battle of Fishguard (1797)?

Introduction The Battle of Fishguard was a military invasion of Great Britain by Revolutionary France during the War of the First Coalition (Refer to French Revolutionary Wars). The brief campaign, on 22-24 February 1797, is the most recent landing on British soil by a hostile foreign force, and thus is often referred to as the… Read More

Income Tax and War

Introduction An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) in respect of the income or profits earned by them (commonly called taxable income). Income tax generally is computed as the product of a tax rate times the taxable income. Taxation rates may vary by type or characteristics of the taxpayer and… Read More

What was the Plot of the Rue Saint-Nicaise (1800)?

Introduction The Plot of the rue Saint-Nicaise, also known as the Machine infernale plot, was an assassination attempt on the First Consul of France, Napoleon Bonaparte, in Paris on 24 December 1800 (Refer to French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars). It followed the conspiration des poignards of 10 October 1800, and was one of many… Read More

Who was Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson?

Introduction Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, KB (29 September 1758 to 21 October 1805), also known simply as Admiral Nelson, was an English flag officer in the Royal Navy. His inspirational leadership, grasp of strategy, and unconventional tactics brought about a number of decisive British naval victories, particularly during the… Read More

What is the Bastille?

Introduction The Bastille was a fortress in Paris, known formally as the Bastille Saint-Antoine. It played an important role in the internal conflicts of France and for most of its history was used as a state prison by the kings of France. It was stormed by a crowd on 14 July 1789, in the French… Read More