What were the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815)?

Introduction The Napoleonic Wars (18 May 1803 to 20 November 1815, and preceded by the French Revolution (1792-1802)) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions. It produced a brief period of French domination over… Read More

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What was the Veronese Easter (1797)?

Introduction The Veronese Easter (Italian: Pasque Veronesi, or singular Pasqua Veronese; French: Pâques véronaises) was a rebellion during the Italian campaign of 1797, in which inhabitants of Verona and the surrounding areas revolted against the French occupying forces under Antoine Balland, while Napoleon Bonaparte (the French supreme commander in the Italian campaign) was fighting in… Read More

What were the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802)?

Introduction The French Revolutionary Wars (French: Guerres de la Révolution française) were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 20 April 1792 until 27 March 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution (and would lead to the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815)). They pitted France against Great Britain, the Holy Roman Empire, Prussia, Russia, and several… Read More

Indispensable Personality…

“The personality of the general is indispensable; he is the head, he is the all, of an army. The Gauls were not conquered by the Roman Legion, but by Caesar. It was not before the Carthagenian soldiers that Rome was made to tremble, but before Hannibal. It was not the Macedonian phalanx which penetrated into… Read More

What was the Coup of 18 Brumaire (1799)?

Introduction The Coup of 18 Brumaire brought General Napoleon Bonaparte to power as First Consul of France and in the view of most historians ended the French Revolution. This bloodless coup d’état overthrew the Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate. This occurred on 09 November 1799, which was 18 Brumaire, Year VIII under the… Read More

Dominion of Free Will…

“God gave men dominion over the beasts and not over his fellow men unless they submit of their own free will.” Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 to 1821) Also known as Napoleon I, the Corsican or the Little Corporal, he was a French general, first consul of France (1799-1804), and emperor of the French (1804-1814/15), one of… Read More

The Head…

“The personality of the general is indispensable; he is the head, he is the all, of an army. The Gauls were not conquered by the Roman Legion, but by Caesar. It was not before the Carthagenian soldiers that Rome was made to tremble, but before Hannibal. It was not the Macedonian phalanx which penetrated into… Read More