What was the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878)?

Introduction The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 (24 April 1877 to 03 March 1878) (Turkish: 93 Harbi, lit. ’War of ’93′, named for the year 1293 in the Islamic calendar; Bulgarian: Руско-турска Освободителна война, romanised: Rusko-turska Osvoboditelna vojna, “Russian-Turkish Liberation war”) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian… Read More


What was the Peace of Vasvar (1664)?

Introduction The Peace of Vasvár was a treaty between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire which followed the Battle of Saint Gotthard of 01 August 1664 (near Mogersdorf, Burgenland), and concluded the Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664). It held for about 20 years, until 1683, during which border skirmishing escalated to a full-scale war and culminated… Read More

What was the Battle of Saint Gotthard (1664)?

Introduction The Battle of Saint Gotthard (Hungarian: Szentgotthárdi csata; Turkish: Saint Gotthard Muharebesi; German: Schlacht bei Mogersdorf and Schlacht bei St. Gotthard; French: Bataille de Saint-Gothard; (Croatian: Monošterska bitka) was fought on 01 August 1664 as part of the Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664), between the Imperial Army led by Generalleutnant Raimondo Montecuccoli, Jean de Coligny-Saligny, Wolfgang… Read More

What was the Siege of Novi Zrin (1664)?

Introduction The Siege of Novi Zrin (New Zrin Castle); Croatian: Utvrda Novi Zrin; Hungarian: Új-Zrínyivár; Turkish: Zerinvar), between 05 June and 07 July 1664, was last of the military conflicts between the Croatian forces (with allies) led by Nikola Zrinski, Ban (viceroy) of Croatia, and the Ottoman army commanded by Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha, Grand… Read More

What was the Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664)?

Introduction The Austro-Turkish War (12 April 1663 to 10 August 1664), or fourth Austro-Turkish War, was a short war between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman aim was to resume the advance in central Europe, conquer Vienna and subdue Austria. The Ottomans managed to capture key strongholds, however, the Habsburg army under… Read More

What was the Siege of Nagykanizsa (1601)?

Introduction During the Siege of Naģykanizsa (Turkish: Kanije Savunması) in 1601, a small Ottoman force held the fortress of Naģykanizsa in western Hungary against a much larger coalition army of the Habsburg Monarchy, while inflicting heavy losses on its besiegers. This battle was part of the Long War between the Ottoman Empire and the House… Read More

What was the Battle of Preveza?

Introduction The Battle of Preveza was a naval battle that took place on 28 September 1538 near Preveza in northwestern Greece between an Ottoman fleet and that of a Christian alliance assembled by Pope Paul III in which the Ottoman fleet defeated the allies. It occurred in the same area in the Ionian Sea as… Read More