Military Providers, TCCC Certification, and the Use of Surgical Cricothyroidotomy

Research Paper Title Prehospital Battlefield Casualty Intervention Decision Cognitive Study. Background Airway compromise is the third most common cause of preventable battlefield death. Surgical cricothyroidotomy (SC) is recommended by Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) guidelines when basic airway manoeuvres fail. This is a descriptive analysis of the decision-making process of prehospital emergency providers to perform… Read More

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TCCC Knowledge & Training

Research Paper Title Tactical Combat Casualty Care Training, Knowledge, and Utilization in the US Army. Background Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is the execution of prehospital trauma skills in the combat environment. TCCC was recognised by the 2018 Department of Defence Instruction on Medical Readiness Training as a critical wartime task. This study examines the… Read More

Does Prehospital Adenosine, Lidocaine, & Magnesium have Inferior Survival compared with Tactical Combat Casualty Care Resuscitation in a Porcine Model of Prolonged Haemorrhagic Shock?

Research Paper Title Prehospital adenosine, lidocaine, and magnesium has inferior survival compared with tactical combat casualty care resuscitation in a porcine model of prolonged haemorrhagic shock. Background Adenosine, lidocaine, and magnesium (ALM) is a cardioplegic agent shown to improve survival by improving cardiac function, tissue perfusion, and coagulopathy in animal models of shock. The researchers… Read More

What are the Recommended Medical & Non-medical Factors to Assess Military Preventable Deaths?

Research Paper Title Recommended medical and non-medical factors to assess military preventable deaths: subject matter experts provide valuable insights. Background Historically, there has been variability in the methods for determining preventable death within the US Department of Defense. Differences in methodologies partially explain variable preventable death rates ranging from 3% to 51%. The lack of… Read More

What is Tactical Damage Control Resuscitation (TDCR)?

Research Paper Title Tactical Damage Control Resuscitation. Abstract Recently the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care changed the guidelines on fluid use in haemorrhagic shock. The current strategy for treating haemorrhagic shock is based on early use of components: Packed Red Blood Cells (PRBCs); Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP); and Platelets in a 1:1:1 ratio. The… Read More

The German Army Medical Service in the Great War

Research Paper Title Organization of the German Army Medical Service 1914-1918 and the role of academic surgeons. Abstract The First World War, mankind’s first high-technology conflict, resulted in unprecedented mass mortality. Medical services were confronted with overwhelming challenges in treating casualties from mobile warfare, trench warfare, battles on different fronts and infectious diseases. In this… Read More

China Develops a Rapid Blood Typing Test

“A, B,AB or O: a paper-based test could reveal your blood type in just half a minute, allowing hospitals to rapidly administer the right blood in an emergency.” (New Scientist, 2017, p.19). The test could be particularly useful in war zones or remote areas where there are no labs to carry out blood typing. Knowing your blood type… Read More