Introduction Deolali transit camp was a British Army transit camp in Maharashtra, India. Established in 1861, the camp remained in use throughout the time of the British Raj. It served to house soldiers newly arrived in the country and those awaiting ships to take them to Britain. It also housed a military prison and during… Read More
What is a Subedar?
Introduction Subedar is a rank of junior commissioned officer in the Indian Army; a senior non-commissioned officer in the Pakistan Army, and formerly a Viceroy’s commissioned officer in the British Indian Army. Refer to Subedar-Major. Brief History Subedar or subadar was the second-highest rank of Indian officer in the military forces of British India, ranking… Read More
What is a Subedar-Major?
Introduction Subedar Major is the senior-most rank of junior commissioned officer in the Indian and Pakistani Armies, formerly known as the Viceroy’s commissioned officer in the British Indian Army. Refer to Subedar and Jemadar. Brief History During the British Raj, Battalion Subedar-Major was the highest rank natives could achieve. He would serve as a representative… Read More
Who was Vikram Batra?
Introduction Captain Vikram Batra, PVC (09 September 1974 to 07 July 1999) was an officer of the Indian Army. He was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest and most prestigious award for valour, for his actions during the 1999 Kargil War, during which he led one of the most difficult mountain warfare operations… Read More
What is a Jemadar?
Introduction Jemadar or jamadar is a title used for various military and other officials in the Indian subcontinent. Refer to Subedar and Subedar-Major. Etymology The word stems from Urdu (جمعدار), which derives through Persian jam(a)dar from Arabic jamā‘a(t) ‘muster’ + -dār ‘holder’. Pre-Colonial A jemadar was originally an armed official of a zamindar (feudal lord)… Read More
What was Operation Blue Star (1984)?
Introduction Operation Blue Star was the code name of an Indian military action which was carried out between 01 and 10 June 1984, in order to remove the Sikh Damdami Taksal leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers from the buildings of Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) complex in Amritsar, Punjab. The decision to launch the… Read More
What was Operation Sundown (1984)?
Introduction Operation Sundown was codename of a covert plan of India’s external intelligence agency Research & Analysis Wing (R&AW), in which the Special Group, which is an ultra-secretive armed unit of the R&AW, was to abduct Sikh extremist leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale from Guru Nanak Niwas in the Golden Temple complex, Amritsar. A R&AW unit… Read More
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