Formulaic Principles…

“A study of the principles of war will never provide a mathematical or intellectual formula for winning wars; but it will ensure that no single factor is omitted when one principle is being balanced against another. The decision itself is a test of leadership. Study provides the materials for inspection; the choice depends upon the… Read More


What was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965?

Introduction The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. Background The conflict began following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar (see below), which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. India retaliated by launching… Read More

Sitting upon my Cot…

“In 1848, when I was Brigade‐Major at Agra, I made a good many inquiries into the condition of the soldier in barracks, their wants and habits,… One day an intelligent sergeant of the 24th came to me on business, and, amongst other questions, I asked him‐ “The men, in this hot weather, are confined to… Read More

Personal Leadership…

“Personal leadership exists only as the officers demonstrate it by superior courage, wider knowledge, quicker initiative, and a greater readiness to accept responsibility than those they lead.” Field Marshal Sir William Slim (1891 to 1970) William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim of Yarralumla and Bishopston, was a British Field Marshal and Chief of the Imperial General… Read More

What is the Army Institute of Physical Training?

Introduction The Army School of Physical Training is a Category ‘A’ defence training establishment of the Indian Army (Mallick, 2017). The AIPT is responsible for delivering physical and allied sports training courses for Indian Army personnel, Central Police Organisation, paramilitary forces and personnel from friendly foreign countries. It also trains instructors to organise and deliver… Read More